By Peter Ladefoged
Phonetics is so comprehensible with A direction IN PHONETICS and its CD! This best-selling textual content will get undergraduates painlessly into the subdiscipline of phonetics. Attuning your ear and working towards speech sounds is straightforward with the CD-ROM; over 4,000 audio records comprise many models of English and virtually a hundred different languages. The CD additionally includes fabric for each chapter--recordings of phrases within the tables and function exercises--and maps with hyperlinks to sounds of the languages spoken in a variety of components of the area.
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Additional resources for A Course in Phonetics (Sixth Edition)
All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. ) We often want to record all—and only—the variations between sounds that cause a difference in meaning. Transcriptions of this kind are called phonemic transcriptions. Languages that have been written down only comparatively recently (such as Swahili and most of the other languages of Africa) have a fairly phonemic spelling system. There is very little difference between a written version of a Swahili sentence and a phonemic transcription of that sentence.
How many distinct sounds are there in each of the following words? Circle the correct number. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. laugh begged graphic fish fishes fished batting quick these physics knock axis 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 K. In the following sets of words, the sound of the vowel is the same in every case but one. Circle the word that has a different vowel sound.
When you say the whole word play, the l is typically voiceless, and very different from the l in lay. Say the l at the beginning of lay, and you’ll hear that it is definitely voiced. It follows from these examples that a phoneme is not a single sound, but a name for a group of sounds. There is a group of t sounds and a group of l sounds that occur in English. It is as if you had in your mind an ideal t or l, and the ones that are actually produced are variations that differ in small ways that do not affect the meaning.
A Course in Phonetics (Sixth Edition) by Peter Ladefoged