By Eileen Stillwaggon
AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty combines the insights of economics and biology to give an explanation for the unfold of HIV/AIDS and convey a telling critique of AIDS coverage. Drawing on a wealth of medical proof, Stillwaggon demonstrates that HIV/AIDS can't be stopped with out knowing the ecology of poverty. Her message is confident, with pragmatic ideas to the illnesses that advertise the unfold of HIV/AIDS.
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Additional info for AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty
1999. “Trends in Sexual Activity among Adolescent American Women: 1982–1995,” Family Planning Perspectives 31(5):212–219. S. women, aged 15 to 19: “In each of the surveys, about 40% of all 15–19-year-olds [female] had had sexual intercourse in the last [previous] three months” (Singh and Darroch, 1999, 212). Olga A. Grinstead, Bonnie Faigeles, Diane Binson, and Rani Eversley. 1993. “Sexual Risk for Human Immunodeﬁciency Virus Infection among Women in High-Risk Cities,” Family Planning Perspectives 25(6):252–256, 277.
It also decreased in the two Asian countries for which data were available, and in four of the eight Latin American and Caribbean countries surveyed. Comment: The hypothesis that a sexual revolution (at least as regards earlier initiation of sexual activity) accompanied urbanization and modernization in the developing world is not supported by these data. u Africa, Caribbean, United States, Great Britain Susheela Singh, Deirdre Wulf, Renee Samara, and Yvette P. Cuca. 2000. “Gender Differences in the Timing of First Intercourse: Data from 14 Countries,” International Family Planning Perspectives 26(1):21–28, 43.
Even children with subclinical (that is, not apparent upon examination) vitamin-A deﬁciency show a lower immune response and greater vulnerability to infection, particularly of the skin and mucous membranes (Solomons, 1998). , 1998). Vitamin-A deﬁciency reduces the number of NK cells, diminishing nonspeciﬁc, or natural, defense mechanisms against antigens. Vitamin A also is required for the production of T cells, or speciﬁc defenses (Semba, 1998). The role of vitamin A in the promotion of physical barriers to infection is signiﬁcant for the discussion in this book.
AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty by Eileen Stillwaggon