By George R. Boyer
Over the past 3rd of the eighteenth century, so much parishes in rural southern England followed rules delivering negative reduction outdoor workhouses to unemployed and underemployed able-bodied labourers. the controversy over the industrial results of 'outdoor' reduction funds to able-bodied employees has persevered for over 2 hundred years. This booklet examines the industrial position of the bad legislation within the rural south of britain. It provides a version of the rural labour industry that offers causes for the common adoption of out of doors reduction guidelines, the endurance of such regulations until eventually the passage of the bad legislations modification Act in 1834, and the pointy local alterations within the management of reduction. The e-book demanding situations many ordinarily held ideals concerning the negative legislations and concludes that the adoption of outside reduction for able-bodied paupers was once a rational reaction via politically dominant farmers to alterations within the rural monetary atmosphere.
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Extra info for An Economic History of the English Poor Law, 1750-1850
L. Jones's (1974: 131, 138) hypothesis that "the improvement of agricultural techniques" after 1650 led East Anglia and the south to concentrate on agricultural production, at the expense of cottage industry. Similarly, Joel Mokyr (1976: 139) has demonstrated that "technological progress in agriculture would increase the labor time allocated to agriculture in areas where the change could be applied" and hence would reduce the labor time allocated to cottage industry. These arguments suggest that the decline of cottage industry was an endogenous response to specialization in agriculture.
Real poor relief expenditures, 1760-1829, for selected parishes. For each parish, 1782 = 100. (Sources: Relief expenditure data from Essex Record Office: Stansted Mountfitchet [D/P 109/8/4-5]; Stanford Rivers [D/P 140/8/1-4]; Stapleford Tawney [D/P 141/8/1]; Great Coggeshall [D/P/ 36/8/3-5]; Little Horksely [D/P 307/12/1]. 3. Real per capita relief expenditures in agricultural parishes (in terms of wheat). ) 28 An Economic History of the English Poor Law the period 1785-94. Stanford Rivers's level of expenditures increased sharply in 1799 but returned to the 1785-94 level from 1809 to 1816.
2. 1. 78% from 1783-5 to 1832-4. Outdoor relief was more prevalent in the southeast than in any other region of England, and per capita relief expenditures were higher in the southeast than elsewhere throughout the early nineteenth century (Blaug 1963: 178-9; 1964: 236-41). If any region experienced an increase in the rate of growth of relief expenditures after 1795, it would have been the southeast. 26 Once again there is no evidence that 1795 was a watershed. The annual rate of increase in real per capita expenditures was higher from 1748-50 to 1783-5 than from 1783-5 to 1818-20 in 7 of the 10 counties, and higher from 1748-50 to 1783-5 than from 1783-5 to 1832-4 in 8 of 10 counties.
An Economic History of the English Poor Law, 1750-1850 by George R. Boyer